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英語學習筆記 – 為了未來世代回收我們的基礎設施

本文 Recycling our Infrastructure for Future GenerationsWORLD ECONOMIC FORUM 上面很不錯的政策面文章,給全球政府一個思考建議,將所有的基礎建設做回收再利用,包含將既有的資產出租或改建,利用這些收入做新的建設,不用一直增加納稅人的負擔也能做國家建設。

全篇只有五段,很適合每天讀篇短文。這裡我們對文中一些不錯的句子做些說明。

“Recycling our Infrastructure for Future Generations” takes a closer look at an emerging approach to financing new infrastructure, which is known as “Asset Recycling”.

take a closer look at + N : 仔細看、更加注意、詳細討論

This article takes a closer look at the emerging approach. 這篇文章詳細討論新興的( emerging )處理方法。

an approach to + N : 對 N 的辦法

an emerging approach to financing new infrastructure 一個融資新基礎建設的新興辦法

加註 : approach 可當名詞也可當動詞,名詞有“辦法”或“距離/時間的接近”的意思; 動詞的話有“解決”、“處理”或“接近”的意思。本文的 approach 是名詞, 辦法的意思。其他 approach 的用法例句如

n. 距離/ 時間的接近 The siren signalled the approach of an ambulance. 警報聲示意著救護車接近中

vt. 接近 It is approaching lunchtime, let’s take a break. 將近中午,我們休息一下吧。

vt. 解決、處理 This is a good way to approach the problem. 這是解決此問題的一個好方法。

finance + N : 融資( vt. ) + 融資去做的事物

financing new infrastructure 融資新基礎建設

類似例句 : 8 ways to finance your business. 8 種融資你的事業的方法

Insight presented in this report demonstrates that Asset Recycling in infrastructure has the potential to significantly increase levels of investment and help close the financing gap. This is the result of creating alignment with long-term institutional investors that have a preference for built assets, notably pension funds.

Insight presented in this report :被呈現在這報告的洞見

demonstrate that +子句 : 展示、表明、證明某事實

Insight presented in this report demonstrates that Asset Recycling in infrastructure has the potential to significantly increase levels of investment. 這個報告呈現的洞見展示基礎建設的”資產回收”有顯著增加投資程度的潛力。

has the potential to + v. : 有潛力做什麼事

Asset Recycling in infrastructure has the potential to significantly increase levels of investment. 基礎建設的”資產回收”有顯著增加投資程度的潛力。

類似例句 :He has the potential to become a world-class musician. 他有潛力成為世界級的音樂家。

help close the financial gap( 美國用法 ) = help to close the financial gap ( 英國用法 ) :有助於縮小融資缺口

create alignment with :與 … 建立聯盟/一致/ 對齊

This is the result of creating alignment with long-term institutional investors. 這是與長期機構投資者建立聯盟的結果。

have a preference for :偏好

Long-term institutional investors have a preference for built assets, notably pension funds. 長期性的機構投資者偏好實質資產(built asset 也稱 physical asset),特別是養老基金

Asset Recycling is a fairly simple concept and consists of two critical steps. First, governments unlock the capital from existing infrastructure by leasing assets to institutional investors interested by stable long-term returns. Second, governments re-invest the capital proceeds into new infrastructure to meet the populations’ needs. These new assets can also be recycled again in future, helping to accelerate the pipeline of infrastructure projects.

A consist of B & C : A 由 B 和 C 組成

Asset Recycling consists of two critical steps. ”資產回收“ 由兩個重要的步驟組成

注意 : 用 “consist of” 而不是 “be consised of”。我們會覺得 A是被 B 和 C 組成,所以會很自然地以為用 be consisted of. 但 consist of 用法不是這樣。 “組成”的說法還有許多種,以下列出供你參考:

A is composed of B & C 或說 B & C compose A

例句 The pie is composed of eight slices . 也可說 Eight slices compose the pie.

A is made up of B & C

例句 The pie is made up of eight slices

A comprise B & C ( comprise 有 include, contain 的意思 )

例句 The pie comprises 8 slices (這派由 8 片組成)

unlock A from B by C: 用 C 來解放 A 不受 B 限制

Governments unlock the capital from existing infrastructure by leasing assets 政府以出租資產來解放資本不受現有的基礎建設限制

re-invest the capital proceeds into : 再投資資產收益到…

Governments re-invest the capital proceeds (收益) into new infrastructure to meet the populations’ needs. 政府把資產收益做再投資到新的基礎建設以符合人口的需求。

accelerate the pipeline of … : 加速….收益流程

These new assets can also be recycled again in future, helping to accelerate the pipeline of infrastructure projects. 這些新的資產也可於未來再度回收,幫助基礎建設專案加速收益的流程。

This process recycles previous taxpayers’ funds that have been locked up in older assets to pay for new or renewed assets to meet the demand of future generations. This approach avoids the need for governments to continually raise taxes or increase borrowing and debt levels. The research collected in this report demonstrates that specific steps should be followed by governments to ensure a successful implementation.

be locked up in : 被鎖進

The previous taxpayers’ funds have been locked up in older assets. 之前納稅人的基金一直被鎖在舊資產上。

meet the demand of :符合…的需求

This process recycles previous taxpayers’ funds that have been locked up in older assets to pay for new or renewed assets to meet the demand of future generations. 這個處理程序回收之前一直被鎖在舊資產的納稅人基金,來支付符合未來世代需求的新的或翻新的資產。

be followed by :要被 sb 遵循

Specific steps should be followed by governments to ensure a successful implementation. 特別的步驟應該被政府遵循,以確保成功的實施。

A framework is provided which includes guiding principles and tools that have proven effective in examples from various countries. They are valid in both developed and developing economies, and will need implementation over an appropriate timescale, directed by the right leadership and supported by continuous and effective communication with all stakeholders.

A be provided which includes B : 提供包含 B 的 A

A framework is provided which includes guiding principles and tools. 一個框架被提供,其包含了指引原則與工具。

over an timescale : 在一段時間範圍內

The guiding principles and tools are valid in both developed and developing economies, and will need implementation over an appropriate timescale. 這些指導原則和工具在開發和開發中經濟體都有效,且將需要實施一段時間。

本篇就解讀到這裡。如果你對這方面的文章有興趣的話,可以多到 WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM 逛逛,無形中吸收世界知識也學了英文喔!

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