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英語學習筆記 – 要更有生產力你須破除 9 個壞習慣

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9 bad habits you must break to be more productive

英文解析

你有想過要讓自己更有生產力嗎 ? 這個主題能引起你的興趣嗎 ? 從有興趣的主題來學習語文,會有事半功倍的效果喔。 那麼先自己用英語寫出這 9 個壞習慣會是什麼 ?

然後點入文章掃過整篇,你會看到這 9 個壞習慣是 :

( 1 ) 不由自主地滑手機/上網 ( 2 ) 完美主義 ( 3 ) 太多的會議 ( 4 ) 不時查 email 且即時回信 ( 5 ) 按停鬧鐘繼續睡 ( 6 )多工 ( 7 ) 把困難的事拖到後面才做 ( 8 ) 吃太多糖 ( 9 ) 對真的重要的事沒有掌控

那自己寫出來的和作者上的用字相較下,有什麼可以改進的地方呢 ?

以下是小編寫的 :

( 1 ) Surf on internet mindlessly ( 2 ) Perfectionism ( 3 ) Too many meetings ( 4 ) Respond to email immediately ( 5 ) Press alarm off and oversleep ( 6 ) Multitask ( 7 ) Put off the difficult thing (8) Eat too much sugar ( 9 ) Lose track of what really matter

作者的寫法 :

( 1 ) Impulsively surfing the Internet (2 ) Perfectionism ( 3 ) Meetings ( 4 ) Responding to e-mails as they arrive ( 5 ) Hitting the snooze button ( 6 ) Multitasking ( 7 ) Putting off tough tasks ( 8 ) Eating too much sugar ( 9 ) Losing track of what really matters to you ( 雖然最後標題用 Bringing it all together,但看最後一段總覺 9 應該是 Losing track of what really matters to you )

小編犯了一個最大的錯誤是當要一一列出項目,每項的動詞都應該用 Ving 動名詞,讓每項都是一個名詞,而不是個不完整的句子。

此外,句子中要不要用 “ the ” ,要用單數還是複數,以及動詞是否要配合第三人稱的單數主詞加“ s ”,常常是我們習慣說中文的人會忽略的。

對於 surfing the Internet 所用的副詞,作者採用 Impulsively,的確比 mindlessly 更接近不時會去滑手機的心理狀態。 Impulsively 是 adv. “衝動地” 的意思 。

至於“按停鬧鐘繼續睡”,作者用很簡單的 Hitting the snooze button 就表達了, snooze 是打盹/小睡的名詞,snooze button 即鬧鐘一響我們會去按掉的鈕,又稱貪睡鈕。

本篇的用字都蠻有水準的,有些用字是 GRE 、GMAT 的字。 以下節選幾句值得學習的寫法。

Nothing sabotages ( 破壞 ) your productivity quite like bad habits. They are insidious ( 潛伏的 ), creeping up on you ( 不知不覺讓你體驗, creep 是爬的意思, creep up 你可想像是慢慢爬上來 ) slowly until you don’t even notice the damage they’re causing.

Bad habits slow you down, decrease your accuracy ( 正確性 ), make you less creative, and stifle (窒息/阻止 ) your performance.

People who exercise a high degree of self-control tend to be ( 傾向於 ) much happier than those who don’t, both in the moment and in the long run.

Shedding ( 脱掉,同小鳥羽毛脫掉的動詞 ) these habits will increase your productivity and allow you to enjoy the positive mood that comes with increased self-control. ( 享受伴隨著增加自我控制的正向心情 )

It takes you 15 consecutive ( 連續的 ) minutes of focus before you can fully engage in ( 從事/投入) a task. 

Once you do, you fall into a euphoric (狂喜的 ) state of increased productivity called flow ( 心流 ). 

Meetings gobble up ( 吞噬 ) your precious time like no other.

They know that a meeting will drag on forever (永遠地拖下去 ) if they let it, so when they must have a meeting they inform everyone at the onset ( 有力的開始 ) that they’ll stick to the intended schedule.

When you sleep, your brain moves through an elaborate ( 精心製作的 ) series of cycles, the last of which prepares you to be alert at ( 警覺 ) your wake up time ( 醒來的時間 ).

When you hit the snooze button ( 貪睡鈕 ) and fall back asleep, you lose this alertness and wake up later, tired and groggy ( 昏沈沈的 ). Worst of all, this grogginess can take hours to wear off ( 漸減 ).

The researchers found that people who are regularly bombarded with ( 被轟炸 ) several streams of electronic information cannot pay attention ( 專心 ), recall ( 回憶 ) information, or switch from one job to another as well as those who complete one task at a time . ( A cannot…as well as B 意指 A 不如 B 能做得那麼好 )

When you put off ( 延遲 ) tough tasks till late in the day because they’re intimidating ( 嚇人的 ) , you save them for when you’re at your worst. To beat decision fatigue ( 決策疲勞 ), you must tackle ( 應對 ) complex tasks in the morning when your mind is fresh.

This exposure impairs ( 削弱 ) melatonin ( 褪黑激素 ) production and interferes ( 干擾 ) with your ability to fall asleep as well as with the quality of your sleep once you do nod off ( nod 是點頭/打瞌睡,nod off 是無意識地睡著了 ).

With too little glucose ( 葡萄糖 ), you feel tired, unfocused, and slow; too much glucose leaves you jittery( 神經過敏/戰戰兢兢的 ) and unable to concentrate. 

這篇文章的最後一段我不太能了解為何作者要用 Bringing it all together 做第 9 個壞習慣。 總覺 Losing track of what really matters to you 比較像是最糟糕的壞習慣。 不知你看過後有什麼見解 ? 歡迎給我們一些建議與解惑!

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